Blue and white porcelain jar with pine and bamboo designs was made in , Joseon dynasty, Korea. Dongguk University Museum, Seoul. Blue and white porcelain jar with plum and bamboo design. During the Joseon dynasty, — ceramic wares were considered to represent the highest quality of achievement from royal, city, and provincial kilns, the last of which were export-driven wares. Joseon enjoyed a long period of growth in royal and provincial kilns, and much work of the highest quality still preserved. Wares evolved along Chinese lines in terms of colour, shape, and technique. Celadon, white porcelain , and storage pottery were similar, but with certain variations in glazes, incision designs, florality, and weight. The Ming influence in blue and white wares using cobalt -blue glazes existed, but without the pthalo blue range, and the three-dimensional glassine colour depth of Ming Dynasty Chinese works.
Korean pottery and porcelain
A more advanced variety of handmade pottery, hardfired and burnished, has proved to be as early as bc. The use of a red slip covering and molded ornament came a little later. Handmade pottery has been found at Ur, in Mesopotamia, below the clay termed the Flood deposit. Perhaps the most richly decorated pottery of the Near East, remarkable for its fine painting, comes from Susa Shushan in southwest Iran.
Dating old pottery is difficult – especially one that has been in operation for over years such as Wedgwood.. Manufacturers were not overly concerned about sticking to ‘rules’ and would interchange marks – using different marks at the same time and using old batches later in the production runs.
Royal Worcester Marks were first placed on pottery and porcelain in but it was before it became common place. Earlier Worcester Marks are rarely seen, and typically the crescent mark dates pieces to the Dr Wall period before But pieces bearing the crescent mark are rare and usually the provence of specialist collectors. In the late s Worcester were among the first to use the Bute shape for teabowls, tea cups and coffee cups. The presence of the crescent mark dates these items to the Dr Wall period and they are all very similar in shape, size and decoration to those made in the same period by Caughley.
See our early worcester for sale section for examples of sparrow beak jugs, Bute cups and Dr Wall period pieces. About Royal Worcester Marks The Royal Worcester standard printed factory mark includes the number 51 in the centre which refers to the year when the Worcester Porcelain Company was founded by Dr. Early standard marks show the crown slightly above or perched on the circle and from the crown sits down onto the circle.
The mark can appear in any colour. In with the restructuring of the Royal Worcester company and the introduction of a new factory mark came the first of the new Worcester date coding sequences. From until the last two numbers of the year would be used. These could be printed or impressed under the circle but like all impressed marks these could be difficult to see when they fill with glaze.
From until the code would either be the printed last two numbers of the year or a capital letter under the circle reprrsenting the date. From the year number was dropped in favour of the letter system which carried on the same sequence.
Artist list and signatures
During this time, ceramic pottery became the most important medium of Mesopotomian art , as potter’s wheels became faster turning, and craftsmen achieved tighter control of the firing process. Kiln designs also advanced. First mass-produced bowls made at Uruk.
Blue glazes were first developed by ancient Mesopotamians to imitate lapis lazuli, which was a highly prized , a cobalt blue glaze became popular in Islamic pottery during the Abbasid Caliphate, during which time the cobalt was mined near Kashan, Oman, and Northern Hejaz.. Tang and Song blue-and-white.
The strength of the designs and drawing at this time were never reproduced later on. Kangxi and Qianlong period copies of the early Ming pieces are generally over-crowded, with less substantial brush finished foot rims, which were not under-cut like their early Ming counterparts. Many of the later pieces had a different construction: On early wares footrims tended to be relatively large in proportion to the piece and more often than not finished with a knife.
The other high point for blue and white porcelain was the Chenghua period and it is worth noting that the best Kangxi copies of this period are often difficult to distinguish from the original. In the near future I will be able to offer some boxes and teabowls and saucers from the Ca Ma wreck the history of which I have listed below; The prices of the boxes range from 50 UK pounds upwards.
These Chinese porcelain boxes 10 cm.
Dating Wade Marks
The Japanese have one of the longest continuous ceramic cultures in the world, with the earliest ceramics dating to around 10 BC. Tea ceremony from the 15th century The popularity of the tea ceremony from the 15th century fostered an aesthetic appreciation of ceramics, especially imported Chinese wares, which became valued as works of art. The strong demand for ceramics resulted in a surge of creativity during the Momoyama period , with thousands of kilns developing their own distinct regional characteristics.
High-fired stoneware were central to this tradition. Ri Sampei, the “father” of Japanese porcelain After the Japanese invasions of Korea in and , a number of skilled Korean potters who had learned from the Chinese how to produce fine porcelain, were brought back to Japan. Some of these settled in Arita in northern Kyushu, where they discovered porcelain clay.
Dating Royal Copenhagen figurines, porcelain & plates, Flora Danica by the thre wavy blue lines and hallmark Royal Copenhagen Denmark, factory stamps.
This piece looks Persian—and it is. This piece was clearly made in the 20th century. The bumpy feel on the base of this porcelain vase is called “orange peel” and is indicative of late 18th-century Chinese export porcelain. The blue on this glaze indicates it was made in Japan. We’ve all seen white and blue porcelain before—maybe while strolling around a Chinatown chatchka shop, a first-rate art museum, in Macy’s decorative wares department, or even at a neighborhood yard sale.
Called under-glazed blue-and-white porcelain, it has been made for a thousand years in China and for hundreds of years in other parts of the world, including Holland, England and the Middle East. Lark Mason offers his tips on collecting blue-and-white porcelain But can you teach yourself how to navigate such a vast field of porcelain with confidence that you aren’t making too many mistakes—or worse yet, getting duped?
We asked that question of Lark Mason , an expert in Asian art at igavel. I’ll put all those things together to place it to a particular culture, manufacturer, and a time in history.
Artist list and signatures
Your guide to antique pottery marks, porcelain marks and china marks Dating Wade Marks Keys to Dating Wade pottery and identifying Wade Marks Wade is historically famous for the introduction of the very collectible Wade Whimsies and the, almost as well known but not as popular today, Wade Gurgle Jugs and Decanters. His father was a potters thrower and later became a manager.
The original Wade company manufactured ceramic products for the cotton industry as well as porcelain figures and groups. In George Wade purchased the ceramics business of Henry Hallen of Wellington Street, Burslem and combined both businesses to form a new ceramics manufactory he called the Manchester Pottery. Young George was only 2 years old when his older sister Daisy, died in leaving George an only child.
A A VANTINE & COMPANY; Around the s Ashley A. Vantine started a provision and supply business in San Francisco. He continued in California until , when he came to New-York and established himself in the Oriental goods business, opening his first shop for oriental wares in New York in on Broadway, near Eighth-street.
See Article History Pottery, one of the oldest and most widespread of the decorative arts , consisting of objects made of clay and hardened with heat. The objects made are commonly useful ones, such as vessels for holding liquids or plates or bowls from which food can be served. Kinds, processes, and techniques Clay , the basic material of pottery, has two distinctive characteristics: Firing also protects the clay body against the effects of water.
This forms a nonporous opaque body known as stoneware. In this section, earthenware is used to denote all pottery substances that are not vitrified and are therefore slightly porous and coarser than vitrified materials. The line of demarcation between the two classes of vitrified materials—stoneware and porcelain—is extremely vague. In the Western world, porcelain is usually defined as a translucent substance—when held to the light most porcelain does have this property—and stoneware is regarded as partially vitrified material that is not translucent.
The Chinese, on the other hand, define porcelain as any ceramic material that will give a ringing tone when tapped. None of these definitions is completely satisfactory; for instance, some thinly potted stonewares are slightly translucent if they have been fired at a high temperature, whereas some heavily potted porcelains are opaque.
Therefore, the application of the terms is often a matter of personal preference and should be regarded as descriptive, not definitive. Kinds of pottery Earthenware was the first kind of pottery made, dating back about 9, years. In the 21st century, it is still widely used.
Nanhai Marine Archaeology is committed to sharing information from its projects. This information is available online at: Brown and the company’s principal researcher; Sten Sjostrand.
To tell the difference between porcelain and pottery (aside from the translucency test) run your finger over the unglazed footrim or bottom of the item, if it is porcelain it should have a “glassy” feel and be white .
This work is shown, in parts on the company’s photo page where they show some of their artefacts, videos and pictures. For the more affordable pieces , the company has established a web page called: In addition, it shall be mentioned that the company, due to its detailed and exhaustive research has established such degree of authenticity of their recovered artifacts that they are now displayed and used as dating reference by many international museums.
The company also maintain three other web sites that show different aspects if their work. Chinese pottery is excavated by ourselves and all the antiques and ceramics is fully researched by our own experts At Nanhai Marine Archaeology we excavated shipwreck artifacts, antique ceramics and antique Chinese porcelain, celadon, other Chinese porcelains and antique pottery from numbers of Ming dynasty shipwrecks. Our shipwreck pottery, artifacts and other Ming porcelain and pottery are well researched.
The Yixing teapots we find are from the Qing dynasty. Our work also involves interpretation of porcelain marks and historical research at the Jingdezhen kilns in China. Among our recoveries are kraak porcelain from the late Ming dynasty, celadon from China and Thai pottery, Chinese pottery and other antique ceramics. Most of our shipwreck artifacts are antique ceramics, celadon, blue and white porcelain and other Chinese porcelain wares from the Ming dynasty.
We also sell kraak porcelain from the porcelain kilns at Jingdezhen in China together with ancient Chinese celadon wares.